More than 30 million people all over the world have taken the TOEFL test and still continue to take& over10, 000 colleges, agencies and other institutions in over 130 countries including Australia, Canada, the U.K. and the United States accept TOEFL scores.
TOEFL is one of the language tests taken to demonstrate English language proficiency by students who wish to enroll in English speaking universities, scholarship and certification candidates, medical professionals who apply for professional certification and for those applying for residential and work visas.
TOEFL is conducted by ETS (Education Testing Service), a non-profit organization which designs and administers the test and issues the official score reports to the institutions. The score is valid for 2 years.
The history of TOEFL dates back to 1962, a national council made up of representatives of thirty government and private organizations was formed to address the problem of ensuring English language proficiency for non-native speakers wishing to study at U.S. universities. This council recommended the development and administration of the TOEFL exam for the 1963-1964 time frames. The test was originally developed at the Center for Applied Linguistics under the direction of Stanford University applied linguistics professor Dr. Charles A. Ferguson .The TOEFL test was first administered in 1964 by the Modern Language Association financed by grants from the Ford Foundation and Danforth Foundation.
In 1965, The College Board and ETS jointly assumed responsibility for the continuation of the TOEFL testing program. In 1973, a cooperative arrangement was made between ETS, The College Board, and the Graduate Record Examinations board of advisers to oversee and run the program. ETS was to administer the exam with the guidance of the TOEFL board.
The test is of two types:
TOEFL PBT (paper based ) & TOEFL IBT (internet based) test.
The TOEFL® PBT test is no longer administered, but your scores are valid for 2 years after your test date.
*This year ETS is launching the revised TOEFL®Paper-delivered Test, a new paper-and-pencil test that is more closely aligned to the TOEFL IBT® test. The first test administration will be October 14, 2017.
The Toefl IBT® test is administered via internet. There are 4 sections (reading, listening, speaking, and writing) which take a total of about 4 ½ hours to complete, including check-in.
TOEFL IBT Test Sections
Read 3 or 4 passages from academic texts and answer questions.
Listen to lectures, classroom discussions and conversations, and then answer questions.
Express an opinion on a familiar topic; speak based on reading and listening tasks.
Write essay responses based on reading and listening tasks; support an opinion in writing.
TOEFL has 4 scaled section scores for each module and a total score:
- Reading Section (Score of: 0–30)
- Listening Section (Score of: 0–30)
- Speaking Section (Score of: 0–30)
- Writing Section (Score of: 0–30)
- Total Score (0–120)
Where and when can you take the TOEFL IBT Test?
The TOEFL test has over 50 test dates per year at authorized test centres around the world. You can retake the test as many times as you wish, but you cannot take it more than once in a 12-day period. If you already have a test appointment, you cannot register for another test date that is within 12 days of your existing appointment.
Fee for TOEFL varies from country to country and is subjected to change. The registration fee is in US$ which is 180$ in India at present. There is also a late registration fee of US $40 and for rescheduling its $160.
Till date TOEFL remains the most preferred test by admission officers and one of the standardised Language tests.
Detailed information can be obtained at: https://www.ets.org/toefl