Saturday, 14 October 2017


Khudiram Bose
Date of Birth:Dec 3, 1889
Date of Death:Aug 11, 1908
Place of Birth:Bengal

Khudiram Bose was an Indian freedom fighter, one of the youngest revolutionaries early in the Indian independence movement. Bose was born on 3rd December 1889 in the village Bahuvaini in Medinipur district of Bengal. His father Trailokyanath Basu was the Tahsildar of the town of the Nadazol prince. His mother Lakshmipriya Devi was a pious lady, who was well known for her virtuous life and generosity. Bose was inspired by his readings of the Bhagavad Gita, which helped him embrace revolutionary activities aimed at ending the British Raj. He was especially disillusioned with the British following the partition of Bengal conflagration in 1909. He joined Jugantar - the party of revolutionary activists. At the nascent age of sixteen, Bose was defying police after planting bombs near police stations and targeting government officials. He was arrested three years later on charges of conducting a series of bomb attacks.The specific bombing for which he was sentenced to death resulted in the deaths of 3 unrelated innocents: Mrs Kennedy, her daughter and a servant. Khudiram and Prafulla Chaki were sent to Muzaffarpur, Bihar to assasinate Kingsford, the Calcutta Presidency Magistrate, and later, magistrate of Muzaffarpur,Bihar.Khudiram and Prafulla watched the usual movements of Kingsford and prepared a plan to kill him.In the evening of 30 April 1908, the duo waited in front of the gate of European Club fot the carriage of Kingsford to come.When a vehicle came out of the gate, they threw bombs and blew up the carriage. Unfortunately, the vehicle was not carrying Kingsford, rather two innocent British ladies - Mrs and Miss Kenedy (the wife and daughter of barrister Pringle Kennedy ) were killed.The terrorist duo fled. Prafulla committed suicide when cornered by police at the Samastipur Railway station. Khudiram was later arrested. On this Muzaffarpur bombing and other charges of bombings carried out by him, a pretence of trial was carried out for two months. In the end, he was sentenced to death at a tender age of 19.He was hanged on 11 August 1908.

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