The birthplace of a number of religions, India is home to people from various cultures and communities. Sikhism has been a religion followed by several people and the important Gurudwaras scattered all over the country are some of the major tourist attractions in Amritsar and around for pilgrims as well as travelers. Some of the important Gurudwaras have been discussed below:
The Golden Temple, till date, remains the most popular and architecturally famous place of worship for the Sikhs. The temple was most probably built in 1588 by Guru Arjan Dev with an intention to set up a central site of worship for the Sikhs. Set amid the pool, the Golden Temple stands for the philosophy of Sikhism.
Another of the important Gurudwaras is Anandpur Sahib, where Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru baptized people to make pure souls out of them. Anandpur Sahib located in the Ropar District is one of the five Sikh thrones. The occasion of Holla Mohalla sees the advent of several Sikhs from all over India. It actually coincides with the last day of Holi marking the end of the festival.
Located in the Bhatinda district, Damdama Sahib or Talwandi Sabo is attached with great significance for Sikhs. This is where Guru Gobind Singhji sought refuge during his battles against the Mughals. It was here that he worked on the Adi Granth. The Baisakhi festival (from 13th to 15th of April) is hugely celebrated at Damdama Sahib and Sikh pilgrims from various parts of the world gather here to pay homage to Guru Gobind Singhji. This has been a ritual for about 250 years and ultimately coincides with the Rabi, harvesting festival.
Gurudwara Patna Sahib (Har Mandir):
Gurudwara Patna Sahib or the Har Mandir, the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singhji in Patna, Bihar is one of the important Gurudwaras in India and one of the most visited tourist attractions in India as well.
Takht Sri Hazur Sahib:
Along the banks of Godavari in Nanded, Maharashtra, is situated the Takhat Sachkhand Sri Hazur Abchalnagar Sahib where Guru Gobind Singh died. The inner chamber of the temple is called Angitha Sahib. It marks the site where the Guru set his camp holding his court and congregation in 1708 AD.
Another of the important Gurudwaras for Sikh pilgrims is at Sirhind - Fatehgarh Sahib Gurudwara. The shrine stands on the site where the two sons of Guru Gobind Singhji were buried alive by the Mughals. It stands as a commemoration site for the martyrdom and to pay holy offerings to them and to their Guru. The annual Jor Mela in December draws several people.
Gurudwara Hemkund Sahib:
Situated in Uttaranchal’s Garhwal area the Gurudwara Hemkund Sahib alludes to a legend that Guru Gobind Singhji, before his birth, was meditating here and thereafter, was born on earth as a savior.
Pilgrimage Centers in Delhi:
In Delhi, the Gurudwara Sisganj, the Bangla Sahib Gurudwara, and the Rakabganj Gurudwara are some of the other important Gurudwaras. The Gurudwara Sisganj marks the site of beheading of Guru Teg Bahadur.