Bagh Caves are situated at a distance of 97 km from Dhar in Madhya Pradesh, India. These are renowned for mural paintings by master painters of ancient India. The use of the word "cave" is a bit of a misnomer, since these are not natural, but instead examples of Indian rock-cut architecture. The Bagh Caves, like those at Ajanta, were excavated by master craftmen on perpendicular rock face of a hill on the far bank of a seasonal stream, the Baghani. Buddhist in inspiration, of the nine caves, only five have survived. All of them are 'viharas' or monasteries: a small chamber, usually at the back, forms the 'chaitya', the prayer hall.