About Hazrat Khwaja Garib Nawaz:
BIRTH : EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATION :
Khwaja Moinuddin Chisty (R.A.) was born in Seistan (East Persia) also known as Sejistan, around 537 Hijri in a respected family. His father Khwaja Ghayasuddin (R.A.) and mother Syeda Bibi Ummalwara alias Bibi Mahe-Noor were the descendants of Hazrat Ali (R.A.) through his sons Imam Hassan and Imam Hussain, Khwaja Saheb lost both his Father and Mother at an early age of sixteen years. He inherited an orchard and a wind mill which serve as his means of livelihood. One day when Khwaja Saheb was working in his orchard, a pious dervish and Majzoob, Ebrahi Qandoozi, came and took his seat under the shade of a tree. When Khwaja Saheb saw him, he brought a bunch of grapes and presented it to his guest. The visitor ate those grapes and was delighted, and took something out of his bag, chewed it, and then offered it to his young host. Khwaja Saheb ate it without any hesitation, and at once the light of wisdom and knowledge dawned upon the young Khwaja. Thereafter he disposed of all his worldly belongings, and distributed the money amongst the poor. Having thus broken all the ties with worldly affairs, he started for Samarqand and Bukhra, then the great centers of learning for acquiring religious education and knowledge.
SPIRITUAL GUIDANCE :
When Khwaja Saheb had acquired the best knowledge and wisdom of the time, he traveled widely in search of a pir (Spiritual guide) who could provide him the best spiritual guidance. He came to know of Hazrat Khwaja Usman Haruni (R.A.) who was the greatest scholar and unrivalled spiritual guide of that period. In the very first meeting Khwaja Saheb completely submitted himself to his Murshid and remained in the company of this great divine spiritual leader for twenty years and served him devotedly, passing through the various stages of the spiritual life. Thus the great Murshid trained and elevated Khwaja Saheb to the highest spiritual attainments.
HAJ AND PROPHET'S COMMAND :
As the great Khwaja became accomplished and perfect in every respect, the divine tutor honoured him with his robe and took him to HAJ. Both, then proceeded to Makkah and performed the HAJ, and then went to MADINA and stayed there for some time, to get the blessings of The Prophet of Islam (Sal Allaho Alaiyhe Wa Sallam).
One night in a trance, he was ordered by The Holy Prophet (Sal Allaho Alaiyhe Wa Sallam).
"O Moinuddin you are a prop of our faith. Proceed to India and show the path of truth to the people there". In compliance with the above spiritual command, Khwaja Saheb left Madina for India. He continued his journey, passing through Isphahan, Bukhara, Heart, Lahore and Delhi meeting several prominent Sufis of the period. He arrived at the barren and desolated land of Rajputana which is now known as Rajasthan. On his way to INDIA, he enrolled large number of people in his fold and blessed thousands of others with spiritual power.
KHWAJA SAHEB AT AJMER:
Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Chisty arrived in AJMER at the age of 52 years around 587 A.H./1190 A.D., on his divine mission, unique in the annals of Islam. His only Armour for the success of his great mission was the greatest "invisible power" the pervades and sustains the whole universe. At that time Ajmer was ruled by Prithvi Raj Chauhan the famous Rajput king. In his court, he had a large number of powerful magicians with Ajai Pal as their leader. Khwaja Saheb stayed at a hill close to Ana Sagar lake. Now known as the Chilla Khwaja Saheb. When news spread, that a very pious Dervish had come to Ajmer people began to flock to him in increasing number. Whosoever came to him, received the kindest treatment and blessing and simplicity that they began to embrace Islam. Many became his disciples. Even Ajai Pal submitted himself to the divine powers of Khwaja Saheb, gave up all his magic and became his disciple.
While this was going on at Ajmer Shahabuddin Ghori again attacked India, in 1192 A.D. and in the famous battle of Tarain defeated Prithvi Raj. When Shahabuddin Ghori came to know of the presence of Khwaja Saheb at Ajmer, he personally came to see him at his place, and enjoyed the grace of his meeting.
Khwaja Saheb continued his noble and magnificent mission, showing the path of truth to the people. He also sent his disciples and successors to different parts of country who too served the people and preached the tenants of Islam. Some of his prominent successors are:
1.) Hazrat Khwaja Qutubuddin Bakhtiar Kaki (R.A.) (Delhi ob. 1236).
2.) Hazrat Shaikh Fariduddin Ganjshker (R.A.) (Pak Pattan ob. 1265).
3.) Hazrat Shaikh Nizamuddin Aulia (Delhi ob. 1325).
4.) H azrat Shaikh Nasiruddin Chirage Delhi (Delhi ob. 1356).
MARRIAGES AND CHILDREN
At the age of 50 yrs. when he was almost setttled in Ajmer and the preachings were on the top, he dreamt of Prophet Mohammed (Sal Allaho Alaiyhe Wa Sallam) who said, "O Moinuddin! You have been very active in obeying ALLAH's orders but why dindn't you follow my Sunnat." Thus, Khwaja Sahib (R.A.) made two marraiges one after another.
In those days a Saint Wajihuddin Mash-hadi (R.A.) was staying in Ajmer. One night he saw Imam Jafer Sadiq (Alehis Salaam) in dream, who quoted Prophet Mohammed (Sal Allaho Alaiyhe Wa Sallam) as saying to give his daughter in marriage to Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti as he is one of the loving persons of ALLAH and His Prophet (Sal Allaho Alaiyhe Wa Sallam).
When he woke up, he was very happy. He went to Kheaja Sahib and told about his dream. Khwaja Sahib said, " Though he is on the verge of his life and has no need to marry but obedience of Prophet Mohammed (Sal Allaho Alaiyhe Wa Sallam) is also necessary, so I accept the offer whole heartedly and ready for the marraige. This made Syed Sahib (R.A.) very happy and he married his daughter Bibi Asmat with him.
Khwaja Sahib (R.A.) also had a second marraige. Some historians write that his second wife Ummatullah was the daughter of a Raja, who accepted Islam willingly.
Three sons and one Daughter were born to the two wives whose names are :
1. Hazrat Khwaja Fakhruddin (R.A.).
2. Hazrat Khwaja Hisamuddin (R.A.)
3. Hazrat Khwaja Ziauddin Abu Sayeed (R.A.)
4. Bibi Hafiza Jamal Rahmatullah Aleiha.
HAZRAT KHWAJA FAKHRUDDIN
He was the eldest son of Khwaja Sahib (R.A.) who earned his livelihood by farming in Mandal town. He was a great saint and a scholar as well . Agter twenty years of Khwaja Sahib. (R.A.) death he died in Sarwar town, some 40 miles away from Ajmer. His Mazar is located near a pond in the town. His Urs is celebrated on the 3rd of Shaban every year with great fervour. He was blessed with five sons. One of his sons, Hazrat Khwaja Hussamuddin was a perfect Sufi. His grave is at Sanbar Sharif. Every year on 13 and 14 Rajab Urs is organised.
HAZRAT KHWAJA HISSAMUDDIN (R.A.)
He was the second son and he was a great saint, as well as possessin the quality of revelation. he made very tough exercises for self purification. at the age of 45, he disappeared from the human eyes and joined invisible religious fraternity.
HAZRAT KHWAJA ZIAUDDIN ABU SAYEED (R.A.)
He was the youngest son of Khwaja Gharib Nawaz and was a great religious person. He died. He died at the age of 50. His Mazar is on a platform near Jhalara Ghat in Ajmer Sharif. His Urs-e-Mubarak is celebrated on 13th Zil-Hijja every year.
HAZRAT BIBI HAFIZA JAMAL (R.A.)
She was the only daughter of Khwaja Sahib. She was a great religious personality. Khwaja Sahib granted her Khilafat. She guided thousands of women to the righteous path. She was married to Hazrat Shaikh Raziuddin (R.A.). He was the son of Qzai Hamiduddin nagori (R.A.) Her Mazar -e-Mubarak is located below the Mazar of Khwaja Sahib.
KHWAJA SAHEB BREATHED HIS LAST
After achieving the objectives of his mission and complying with the command given to him by the Holy Prophet, his noble soul left the corporeal body on the 6th of Raja 633 A.H. / 16th March 1236 at the age of 97. He was buried in the same cell (Hurrah) which was the center of his divine activities, throughout his stay at Ajmer. Today his tomb is popularly known as "Digrah Khwaja Saheb, Ajmer". People of all walks of life and faith from all over the world, irrespective of their caste, creed and beliefs visit this great shrine to offer flowers of there esteem and devotion. The rich and the poor stand side by side to pay their homage and respect to the divine soul.
Mission of Hazrat Khwaja Garib Nawaz:
It is a well known historical fact that in spreading the ethical and spiritual values of Islam, major and effective contributions have been Made by the Walis of ALLAH (saints). It was their humanistic position, and piety which won over the hearts of lacs of people. They made a direct contact with the masses served and loved them, lived with them in the realisation of Eternal Truth. The proof of this is more than evident from the history of growth of Islam in India. Although Islam had penetrated in this subcontinent in the first century of Hijra, but the noble task of inspiring the people to its tenets and values in India was accomplished by Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Chishty (R.A.) popularly known as Khwaja Saheb and Khwaja Gharib Nawaz. He did it all through his great moral power, glorious and appealing character, with love and dedication to mankind, without any worldly resources of wealth, power, force and material means.
Khwaja Saheb was a scholar a great repute. He interpreted the true Islamic message of love for mankind and through that, the love for the Almighty creator. He preached the Quranic philosophy of the unity of religion and worked out its potentialities for the whole humanity. He was the greatest mystic of his time. He laid the foundation of the liberal Chishtia order of Sufis in India, and inspired millions of souls to be his followers and thus served the masses of the Indian Sub-continent.
The life and mission of Khwaja Saheb have been of an exceptional character as compared with any other saint in India. His simple teaching penetrated even stony heart, his affectionate look silenced the fiercest of his enemies. His matchless piety and blessings knew no distinction and his "spiritual power", amazed and did defied his bitterest adversaries who came to harm him but were inspire to embrace Islam and become his devotees for rest of the life. He brought the message of universal love and peace. He chose the way of non-compulsion in the true spirit of holy Quran he says : "Let there be no compulsion in religion, will thou compel men to become believers? No soul can believe but by the persuasion of Allah". Khwaja Moinuddin Chishty (R.A.) followed this dictum strictly throughout his mission. It is because of this reason that he is popularly known as ' Gharib Nawaz' which means the one who shows kindness to the poor. This was later reinforced by succeeding Chishtia Sufis, who became religious pioneers in national integration in the country. They fulfilled the objective of bringing together various castes, communities and races, elevating the humanity from the morass of materialistic concerns, which is the bane of mankind even today.
Teachings of Hazrat Khwaja Garib Nawaz:
The teachings of Khwaja Sahib have been recorded in several books on mysticism.
The essence of his teaching is :
Closest to Allah is one who possesses the following three qualities:
- Magnanimity of the river.
- Kindness of the sun.
- Humility of the Earth.
- Bountiful in poverty.
- Content in hunger.
- Cheerful in grief.
- Friendly in hostility.
- To feed the hungry.
- To redress the aggrieved.
- To help the distressed.
1. Without performing "Namaz", none can approach 'ALLAH' (God), because 'Namaz' is the climax (Mairaj) in the process such approach for pious.
2. If all the rules of Namaz were not followed properly, it is struck back on the face of him who offers such a Namaz.
3. The heart of a lover (True lover of ALLAH) constantly burns with the fire of love so much so that what ever intrudes upon its sanctity is reduced to ashes.
4. A sin committed does not harm an individual so much as the looking down upon one's own fellow beings.
5. Of all the worship that pleases Almighty ALLAH, the best is the grant of relief to the humble and the oppressed.
6. Performance of charity is the key of attaining the state of generosity.
7. One who does not perform devotion to ALLAH is engaged in the career of attaining a sinful earning.
8. There are four fundamental virtues of the individual self :
- Refraining from begging in the state of penury (poverty).
- Showing the attitude of the well-fed when feeling hungry.
- Maintaining cheerfulness in the time of sorrow.
- Befriending in the enemy.
10. The path of love of ALLAH is such a path that who so ever steps into it, loses himself.
11. For a follower of the path of truth it is worse than a sin to disdain or look down upon any one.
12. Those who are true Lovers of ALLAH give away both of the worlds for the sake of their Beloved ALLAH and even then feel that they have done nothing worthy.
13. Perfection in faith is evident by three things:
Why Ajmer was particularly selected to be pivot of Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti’s mission in India? This is a pertinent question which may be asked by some critical readers. A careful study of the history of India before Khwaja Saheb’s arrival, and of the period of his stay in Ajmer will answer this question satisfactory. We have already thrown sufficient light on this point in one of the previous chapters. In this chapter, we trace a brief history of Ajmer and the Khwaja Saheb’s Dargah which attracts millions of people every year to seek spiritual blessings of the great saint.
Geographically, Ajmer is situated in the heart of Rajasthan, at one time the citadel of India kingdom, and thus it suited the grand mission of Khwaja Saheb best. Politically, Ajmer the seat of a most powerful kingdom of the last Rajput Emperor of India, Raja Prithviraj Chauhan (1179-1192 A.D.) whose whole life was "one of unbroken chain of chivalrous deeds and glorious exploits which have won for him eternal fame and a name that will last as long as chivalry itself." Prithviraj was the son of Someshwara (1170-1179 A.D.) who was the 29th descendant in the lineage of King Vasudeva who flourished as far back as 551 A.D. Vasudeva has descended from Chahuan (the founder of the Rajput clan of Chauhans) whose date is untraceable in the description of Ajmer. As given in Sarga IX of the famous documentary "Prithviraj Vijaya", runs as below:-
The city was so densely populated and there were so many gardens, tanks and wells that not more than one-tenth of the earth was visible to sun, and water in the wells was only two cubits from the ground surface. Karpurdevi (mother of Prithviraj) under whose regency he was brought up also founded a town".
Describing Ajmer in his "Picturesque India" (p.77) Mr. Caine, says:-
"It is an ancient, beautiful city full of interest, both historical and architectural; its gay busy bazars and its old houses with carved fronts, some of which are among the finest in India, giving added attractions to its superb situation. A well built stone wall with give gateways surrounds the city".
URS-E-HAZRAT KHWAJA GARIB NAWAZ (R.A.):
Annual Urs commences with Flag Hoisting at
Buland Darwaza on 25th Jamadi-us-Sani.
QUL DAY (FINAL DAY)
Qul ceremony takes place on the last day of Urs which is also the sixth day of the month of Rajab. This is considered to be a very important day. After the morning prayer, people start gathering the Holy Tomb.The activities include recital of Quran, Darood, Shijra-e-Chishtia and other verses. People also tie small turbans on each other’s head and pray for the benefit of the people, for peace, prosperity and happiness.
HOW TO REACH AJMER
Ajmer Sharif is a city that is situated in the middle of the Indian state of Rajasthan. To reach Ajmer you can come by Rail, Road or by Air. Here are the details of how to reach Ajmer.
There are government and private Bus services operating from Delhi, Ahmedabad and other major cities of India. Private Cars are also available on hire.
Rail:Many trains from different states of India halt at Ajmer Junction.
The nearest International Airport is the Indira Gandhi Airport in New Delhi. Ajmer is only 350 Kilometer’s from here.
The Nearest Domestic Airport to Ajmer is Jaipur that is only 135 Kilometers from Ajmer. Below is the list of Major Airlines with their website address which fly to Jaipur.