Friday, 8 February 2019

About GATE examination


What is GATE exam ?
 Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering is an examination, it opens the gateway to prestigious public organisations as well as in the field of research and for post graduation studies for engineering students. GATE is an All-India examination, it has been administered and conducted in eight zones across the col, entry by the GATE Committee comprising of the Faculty members from IISc, Bangalore and remaining seven IIT’s on behalf of the National Coordinating Board, Department of Education, and Ministry of Human Resources Development.

What is the knowledge required to write the gate exam?
Either bachelor's degree level knowledge of the opted engineering discipline  or master's degree level knowledge of the chosen science discipline.

What is the main objective to conduct this exam?
To provide admissions to post-graduation of engineering, and so many PSUs accept it is a common screening test for entry-level engineering jobs. Based on this exam score various Indian engineering colleges offer post-graduate education, and several public sector Indian companies recruit engineers.

What is the payable amount of fee to apply for gate exam?
Rs.1, 500 (US$21) for all other Indian candidates. US $ 50 for international candidates. Rs.750 (US$10) for Indian female, SC, ST, and physically challenged candidates.

What is the exam pattern?
It is a computer based test with 65 questions for 100 marks. the total duration of time 3 hours. Marks out of 100, in 0.33 point increments. Score (scaled) out of 1000, in 1 point increments. The validity of secured score is 3 years. Totally 660 exam centres are there in India, Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Nepal, Singapore, Sri Lanka, and United Arab Emirates. The exam paper appears in the language of English only. Every year this exam Is conducted in the month of February.

- By Sruthi


The world wetlands day is celebrated on 2nd February


Annually, we celebrate February 2nd is a world wetlands day. This day remembers the adoption of the Convention on Wetlands in the Iranian city, Ramsar on the shores of the Caspian sea on the date of 2nd February in1971. The main reason for this establishment is to raise the awareness about the esteem, value of wetlands for humanity and the planet. Since 1997, world wetlands day has celebrated to increase the awareness regarding the value of wetlands.

                  Every year, government agencies as well as non-governmental organizations, and other groups of citizens of all levels of the community, have worked together to improve the public awareness about wetland values and its benefits. Some of the benefits about wetlands are the enriched source of biologically diverse ecosystems which support the habitation for many kinds of species against the disasters like storms and flooding, another thing is wetlands provide the great facility of naturally filter water by breaking down or transforming harmful pollutants. The theme of world wetlands day 2019 is wetlands and Climate change

- By Sruthi

Health benefits of sprouts


Sprouts are considered a great -food because these germinated seeds and grains have nutrition rich value. Sprouts improves our immune system to protect us against various types of diseases and purify the blood. If we add sprouts in our daily food, then we escape from so many diseases. The grains have the best nutritional value when they are in the stage of seedlings. The sprouts consist an enriched concentration of nutrients like Vitamin E, potassium, vitamin C , iron, phytochemicals, antioxidants, bioflavonoids and protein. Sprouts also contain other kind of nutrients like folic acid, zinc, niacin, riboflavin, copper and magnesium.

These  protein rich sprouts gives several health benefits.

  • Improves hair growth. It prevents a different types of hair disorders like hirsutism, alopecia and even male pattern.
  • Sprouts provide a good blood circulation.
  • The abundance of vitamin A in sprouts is more. So it improves eyesight.
  •  Sprouts are a great source of Antioxidants.
  • The sprouts contain Vitamin K which is a fat soluble vitamin.
  •  The sprouts contain ample amounts of iron.
  • The sprouts help to monitor the blood sugar levels, people with diabetes type 2 get more benefits.
  • The sprouts prevent heart related diseases.
  • Helps in digestion.
  • Best food for weight loss.
  • It may also prevent the premature of aging.
  • Best food for pregnant women
  •  It contains rich omega3 fatty acids.



- By Sruthi

Incredible Health Benefits Of Brown Rice


Brown rice is an unpolished and unrefined whole grains, produced by separating the surrounding husk of the rice. These grains maintain its nutrient-dense germ layer. It is chewier than compared to white rice and has a flavour of nuts. Brown rice consists of an essential nutritional components like Ferulic acid, lysine, magnesium, potassium, vitamin E, niacin, vitamin B 6, thiamine, and dietary fiber, minerals like manganese, iron, zinc, phosphorus, calcium, selenium, magnesium, and potassium. The major health benefits are mentioned below.

  • It helps to manage diabetes
  • It reduces the risks of the heart diseases
  • The best remedy to control weight
  • It helps to maintain healthy bones
  •  It makes our digestive system healthy
  • It reduces the anxiety and mental depression
  • It improves the brain activity
  •  It enhances the quality of sleep

- By Sruthi

The beauty of sundarbans national park in West Bengal


The Sundarbans National Park is one of the UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in West Bengal, India that was recognized in November, 2001. It covers 10,000 km2 of land and water, more than half of its region in India, and the rest situated in Bangladesh. It occupies the world's largest area of the mangrove forests. This biosphere enriches a number of endangered and rare species, including tigers, aquatic mammals, birds and reptiles. This natural ecosystem Located at the delta of the rivers Ganga and Brahmaputra between India and Bangladesh.

                  This forest and waterways give support to a wide range of' fauna including a number of species which are in extinction. This is one of the largest Bengal tiger reserve,  also home for a variety of bird, reptile and invertebrate species, including the saltwater crocodile, Ganga river dolphins, king cobra, marine turtles including the olive Riley, green and hawksbill. The Sajnakhali area, mentioned as an Important Bird Area, consists a wealth of waterfowl and it is a good place of high importance for migratory birds.

- By Sruthi

International workers day or May Day

Its a celebration of labourers and the working classes that is promoted by the international labour movement which occurs every year on May day ( 1 May) an ancient European spring festival . The 1904 Sixth conferences of the second international called on all Social Democratic Party organisations and trade unions of all countries to demonstrate energetic on the first of May for the legal establishment of the 8 hour day for the class demands of the proletariat and for universal peace . The first of May is a national public holiday in many countries worldwide, in most cases as labour day or International workers day . Today majority of countries around the world celebrate a workers day on 1 May . 

In India ,labour day is a public holiday held on every Ist of May . It is celebrated as Antarrashtriya Shamrik diwas . The holiday is tied to labour movements for communist and socialist political parties . Labour day is known as kamgar din in Hindi , Karmika Dinotsavam in Telugu and labour day is mostly not given its previous importance as a holiday now . The first May day celebration in India was organised in Chennai by the labour kisan party of hindustan on 1 May of 1923 .This was the first time that red flag was used . The party leader Singaravelu Chettiar made arrangements to celebrate May Day in two places . One meeting was held at the beach opposite to the Madras high court and the other meeting was held at the Triplicane beach. 1 May is also celebrated as Maharashtra day and Gujrat day to mark the date in 1960 when the two states attained statehood after the erstwhile Bombay State was divided on linguistic lines . Schools and offices in Maharashtra remain closed on 1 May . A similar parade is held to celebrate Gujrat day in Gandhinagar . Similarly in our Telangana state a holiday is observed on this day . Most of the malls have been closed on Sunday so as to give a break to our workers . International workers day or May Day is often a day of protest for labour unions around the world . The people come out to rally and sometimes their passionate demonstrations can turn violent . In 2014 Turkey attempted to ban labour rallies citing security concerns . Across Europe, similar events have attracted heavy police presence . So this was about May Day.

- By Poorvi Bellap

World Earth day

World Earth day is celebrated on 22nd of April . Many countries have been celebrating Earth day since 1970 decades before the introduction of International Mother Earth day . The inaugural function of international mother earth day was celebrated in 2010, since then its being observed annually across the globe. 

Why April 22 is Celebrated as 

International Mother Earth day Our Earth is the only planet in the Universe where life is possible till date . Its very necessary to maintain the natural assets of the earth in order to continue life on the earth . The 22nd of April has been marked as an Earth day to make the human race aware about the importance of the planet . Its very necessary to care of the environment issues to stay healthy and alive as careless people have mercilessly utilised its resources and depleted its life supporting resources over the centuries. One of the big examples of its the depletion of Ozone layer which prevents us from the ultraviolet rays of the sun. Another big problem of the environ is death of rivers by getting mixed with the industrial toxic waste which leads to global warming . Increasing industrialisation on daily basis leads to deforestation which ultimately leads to the rise in earth temperature. These are life ending dangers on the earth which can be reduced by planting trees , inhibiting the deforestation and enhancing energy conservation . Such small steps become a big step if taken care by people worldwide together. 

How World Earth day is celebrated 

Various steps have been taken by the government of many countries towards the safety of earth by planning the variety of legal rules . A group of environmental leaders organise various events and campaigns to celebrate the earth day . People take part in demonstrating the theme of clean environment in order to build a clean and healthy world to welcome new generations . The aim of celebrating the world earth day is to inspire the public for making better environment. At this day people perform outdoors activities related to earth safety like trees are planted , picking up waste materials ,recycling of wastes ,and so many . At this day all the TV channels show their programs that deal with environmental issues to make public aware. There are many ways to celebrate the earth day Planting new trees Motivate people to reduce the use of plastic bags . Teach your children about the recycling and reuse of the old materials.

Take part in picking up the wastes from streets ,parks and other places . Tell people about energy conservation methods and reduce the use of CFL bulbs and make people aware about it . So this was about World Earth Day .

- By Poorvi Bellap

International customs day

International customs day is celebrated by the custom organisation every year on 26th of January. Its celebrated to commemorate the very first official conference of the customs cooperation council also known as the Worlds Customs Organisations. World customs organisations was established in the year 1952 as an autonomous body to enhance the efficacy and effectiveness of the customs administrations all across the world. International Customs day 2019 theme was Smart Borders for Seamless Trade, Travel and Transport . The Centre Board of indirect taxes and customs organised a ceremony on International Customs Day in New Delhi. 

Why International Customs day is celebrated 

It plays a big role in developing the global business instead of increasing the risks of international security .So the international customs day has been decided to celebrate every year to fulfill the requirements of the customs bodies. It regulates the better establishment and understanding of the business firms .It helps in combating with the danger of the fraudulent activities by promoting a candid , and safe custom environment worldwide. Objectives of Celebrating International Customs Day It is celebrated to enhance the effectiveness and efficacy of the member customs administrations. To innovatively assist the member customs administrations to actively contribute to the custom development. To achieve the international level goals. To enhance the revenue collection, community protection, national security and trade statistics collection. So this was about international customs day .

- By Poorvi Bellap

National Army day

Army day of India is celebrated with great enthusiasm every year on 15th of January. Its celebrated every year at all the Army Command headquarters by organising army parades including many other military shows . President, Prime Minister and other dignitaries greet the Indian Army on the occasion and thank them for their vigilance and alertness . It was first time in indian history that a woman officer led an Army contingent on Army day Parade. Bhawana kasturi became the first woman officer leading a contingent comprising of 144 male officers . Indian Army has also organised video making ,painting, photography, slogan writing competitions on the occasion of Army day .The best entries are awarded with prize money . 

Why Army day is celebrated 

It is celebrated to pay homage and salute the brave indian soldiers who have sacrificed their lives for protecting the country . Indian army soldiers are always ready to fight with all the hard times at Indian borders and also natural disasters . They courageously face all the challenges that come in their way to save the nation and people . A day was decided to be celebrated as the army day in India to start paying tribute to the sacrificed Indian army soldiers at the Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate in New Delhi. After paying homage a parade including military shows take place to showcase the new technologies and accomplishments in the Indian Army . Bravery awards and Sena medals are distributed on this occasion. This day has been marked as an remembrance to the daring and bold Indian soldiers who lost their lives while protecting the nation. Serving Indian Armies take a pledge at this day to maintain their service to the nation and protect the nation from enemies whether they are foreign or domestic . Indian Army is one the best forces inthe world . It has the ability to handle any external and internal threat . Overall it can be said that Indian Army is the soul of our country .

- By Poorvi Bellap

National Martyrs day

Martyrs days in India is celebrated to pay homage to the victims who fought for freedom ,welfare and progress of the India and sacrificed their lives .Its celebrated every year all over the country on 30th of January. India is a country among other 15 countries of the world where Martyrs day is celebrated every year to pay homage to the freedom fighters . 

Why Martyrs is celebrated

 Martyrs day is celebrated on 30th of January every year as on the same day ,Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated in the year 1948 before the sunset . He was a great freedom fighter of the India and is counted as the greatest among the other martyrs. January 30th of the year 1948 was the saddest year for the country which has become the most poignant day in the Indian history . Gandhi Smriti , a place where Mahatma was killed at this place called birla house . After his assassination, a big crowd gathered in front of the birla house to have a look of the Bapu . So the martyrs days in India is an occasion celebrated every year to remember all the Indian martyrs and pay tribute to them . How Martyrs is celebrated At this day ,the President of India including the Vice President, the Prime Minister, the defence minister and the service chiefs get together at Bapughat the samadhi of the Mahatma Gandhi and offer flowers and garlands to the statue of Bapu . An honourable salute is then given by the armed forces personnel and inter- services contingent to pay respect to all the martyrs . Then the gathered people keep silence for 2 minutes in the memory of the father of the nation and other martyrs. At the same place, religious prayers and bhajans are sung . The various other functions related to the bapus life are carried out by the school students while celebrating the martyrs day . 

However in India more than one Martyrs day has been declared to honour the other martyrs of the nation. So this was about Martyrs day also known as Shaheed diwas .

- By Poorvi Bellap

National Tourism day

On 25 January, National Tourism day is celebrated every year to raise awareness of the importance of tourism for the country’s economy. India is a land of rich history, cultural and geographical diversity make the country one of the most popular tourist spot . The ministry of tourism is the nodal agency for the formulations of national policies and programs and for the coordination of activities of various central government agencies ,state government and the private sector for the development and promotion of tourism in the country. This Ministry is headed by the Union Minister of State for Tourism. 

The concept of tourism refers to the broad framework that identifies tourisms essential characteristics and distinguishes tourism from similar ,often related but different phenomena the two terms travel and tourism can be used in isolation or together to describe three concepts : 
1 The movement of people . 
2 A sector of the economy or an industry. 
3 A broad system of interacting relationships of people, their needs to travel outside their communities and services that attempt to respond to these needs by supplying products . 

National tourism day was established to promote the tourism industry and recognise its contribution to the growth and sustainability of tourist destinations and local communities. Everyone who holds a valid passport can apply for AA travel visa at their local Indian embassy or consulate , before their visit . Travellers can also apply directly by mail or in person ,or through their local travel services company. Recently, India has implemented an online method for citizens of 40 countries to apply for an e- tourist visa. 

The World tourism day is celebrated on 27 September and in India ,National Tourism day is celebrated on the 25 January. This celebration is all about to cultivate and create awareness among the society globally on the significance of tourism ,and its social ,political, financial and also cultural worth and value .

- By Poorvi Bellap

National Voters Day

This year ,India is celebrating its 9th National Voters day on January 25 2019 . The voters day celebrations was initiated in 2011 by then President of India ,Pratibha Patil on the 61st foundation day of Election Commission of India. Established in 1950 the election commission of india is an organisation which aims to increase the participation of number of voters and to encourage the newly eligible voters . 

Why is voting important 

Voting is a basic process that helps to form a country's government. One can choose their representatives through voting . Voting rights enable people with the right to question the government about issues and clarifications . Its also provides a sense of freedom to express opinion in major decision making for the benefit of the country in a democratic nation. Every year the state government issues necessary instructions to educational institutions to observe National Voters day .On this day schools work at instilling democratic values into students in the form of debates ,quizzes and competitions. The Constitution of India 1988 has lowered the voting age from 21 years to 18 years . While organizing an election the committee prioritise the generation of a clean voters list which is free from errors of duplicity and disqualification. So this was all about national voting day and why to vote.

- By Poorvi Bellap

National Science Day

In 1986 the National council for science and Technology communication asked the government of India to designate 28 February as National Science Day which then the government accepted and declared the day as National Science Day in 1986. The first National Science Day was celebrated on February 28 1987. What is Raman Effect is a phenomenon in spectroscopy discovered by the eminent physicist Cv Raman . Raman effect is a change in the wavelength of light that occurs when a light beam is deflected by the molecules. When a beam of light traverses a dust free , transparent sample of a chemical compound ,a small fraction of light emerges in directions other than that of the incident beam . Most of the scattered light is of unchanged wavelength. A small part however has wavelengths different from that of the incident light it presence is a result of the Raman Effect. 

Purpose of the Celebration National science day is celebrated as a national festival in India every year with the following purpose 
1 To widely spread a message about the significance of scientific applications in the daily life of the people . 
2 To display all activities, efforts and achievements in the field of science for welfare of human being. 3 To discuss all the issues and implement new
technologies for the development of the science. 
4 To give an opportunity to the scientific minded citizens in the country . 
5 To encourage the people as well as to popularise the Science and Technology. So this was about national science day.

- By Poorvi Bellap

World Consumer Rights day

World Consumer Rights day is an annual occasion for celebration and solidarity within the international consumer movement . Consumer rights was first celebrated on March 15 1983. WCD serves as an opportunity to proclaim the rights of consumer to demand respect and protection from market abuses . It serves to drive home the message that undermining the consumer rights are tantamount to social injustice. 

Consumer rights 

Right to safety –  It protects the consumer from products ,manufacturing practices or services that could be detrimental to the health or life of the individual consumer. To ensure this right ,its the consumers responsibility to use the product for its intended purpose and properly follow instructions and warnings . 

Right to information -  The right to be informed requires that companies supply all of the information that would be necessary to make an intelligent decision about purchasing a particular product . Consumers are responsible for analysing the information . 

Right to choose ensures that consumers are able to choose from a variety of products and services. Consumers are responsible for comparing all the prices before making decisions and identify differences from similar products . 

Right to Redress ensures that customers have an avenue with which to receive compensation for unsatisfactory performance of service or inferior products ,or for damage inflicted from their use . Its consumers responsibility to actively seek appropriate restitution. 

Right to consumer education provides for programs and information that must be available to individuals to help them make informed decisions about products. Its the consumer responsibility to take initiative in learning about new and changing products throughout their lives . 

Celebration of WCD On the World Consumer Rights day several countries hold events from media conferences to conventions dealing with human rights . World leaders avail this occasion to endorse the days mission. In some cases new ideas for consumer protections are announced . Seminars and competitions are held to encourage the blossoming of novel ideas of consumer matters . Conclusion Still the problems of consumers are high , and there is still a long way to go . The Secretary of Consumer Protection Council of Tamil Nadu India has said that the problems of Indian consumers is that they have low expectations, improper perception and lack of awareness about solution- options . Not only in India these qualities of consumers are still prevalent in many more countries . 

Consumers should be made aware of their rights and there is consumer forum for this purpose to lodge any complaints in our country . National consumer rights is celebrated on 24 of December in India.

- By Poorvi Bellap

National Girl Child Day

National girl child day is celebrated every year on 24 of January as a national observance day for the girl child . Its celebrated to increase the awareness among people about all the inequalities faced by the girl child in society. Inequality about girl child is a vast problem which includes many areas like inequality in nutrition, education ,legal rights ,protection and medical care. 

National girl child day has been started as a national girls development mission by the Government of India. This mission raises the awareness among people all over the country about the importance of girls promotion. The day in 2019 was celebrated with the theme of Empowering Girls for a brighter tomorrow. Many programs were organised for the occasion including awareness campaign on save girl child ,child sex ratios and creating a safe environment for a girl child. Haryana was awarded for its good performance for the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao initiative by the national government . Rajasthan was also included in this award for its improved performance of this program. National girls child day also marks the anniversary of Beti bachao beti padhao initiative of the government. The Ministry of Women and Child development facilitated various secretaries, commissioners and other government officials for their improved performance and support towards the initiative. Its celebrated to promote the girls position in the society to make their living better among society. Its very necessary to remove social discrimination and exploitation that girls generally face in there life. They should be aware of all their legal rights and the facts of life . Various steps have been taken at national and state level by the Ministry of Women and Child development to improve the girl child status through a range of schemes. The women and child ministry has started a scheme called Dhanalakshmi to make cash transfer to the girl child family to fulfill the basic needs such as immunisation, birth registration ,school enrollment and maintenance up to the class 8. National girl child day was started by the women and child development ministry since 2008 to celebrate as the national observance. Through this campaign the Indian government has highlighted the inequalities faced by the girl child in Indian society. Ngo organisations and nongovernmental organisations also come together and take part in the celebrations to fight against the social stigma about girl child.

- By Poorvi Bellap