Wednesday, 28 February 2018

INSPIRATIONAL PERSON - Ajit Sadanand Kaikini March, 2018

Ajit Kaikini Known as Great social Entrepreneur, Let us know about him,

    Mr Ajit Sadanand Kaikini  was born in Udupi in 1955 and did his schooling in Mumbai.  He got his B.Pharm degree from  Manipal in 1978 and developed interested in training through the Jaycee movement.  Thus, the name of my company ends in cee – Buoyancee – where people can bounce back, to float in life.


Starting his career as a Medical Representative he toured many places & learnt a lot from the people he met and the places he travelled.  First 5 years he spent in Sales/ Marketing and the next 5 years in Production.  He quickly grew in the corporate ladder and was promoted to Admin/ Training.  15 yrs later, in Dec. 1992, he along with his wife started Buyancee, to empower children, to show them better ways of living in life.  Looking at the impact, he extended the training to schools/ colleges & corporate.  Now some doctors in NIMHANS suggest Buoyancee as an occupational therapy which they say results in positive changes. Buoyancee is the only one of its kind training institute, which reaches out to the poorest, the richest and from age 3 yrs onwards with no upper limit.  


While every parent, teacher & manager tells their juniors to do well, nobody gives them the where and how of change.  That became his mission.  He attended a lot of courses, discussed a lot with psychologists/ trainers and found his own ways and means to support those who wanted to change.  Buoyancee now has created history by helping non-performers to be champs, stagnated companies to surge ahead with ease – all by working on their human excellence.  Post profiling, he finds specific needs, counsels individually then in groups, to help them perform better.  After all, each is born out of the winning sperm – born winners but conditioned by his care-takers to lose.  Comparison & criticism are the greatest weeds, which hinders the human seed from growing & going in their best possible way!


With the help of Indian Oil Corporation, Canara Bank, Rotary & Lions, IDF & Utthana, team Buoyancee has conducted free training in the slums & villages, schools & colleges, institutions & corporate, in India & Europe, and has been recognized by Ratan Tata Trust as ‘India Leaders for Tomorrow’, Rotary ‘Institute Par Excellence’, Lions & GKP as ‘Social Entrepreneurs’, Rex ‘Karmaveer Award’ and many more.  They have free programmes for housewives & the senior citizens.  Free training for the underprivileged and spread social messages about Oil conservation, Friendlier families, Happy Married Life etc.

Special Interview of Ajit Sadanand Kaikini

Ø  How Would you describe yourself in one word?
AnsSocial Entrepreneur

Ø  Give an Example of a time when you solved an analytically difficult problem?
AnsRelational problems between parents & children (especially broken homes) / husband & wife/ & many with low self-image & self-confidence who had performance issues. 

Ø  How old were you, when you had first achievement? share somethingabout that?
Ans:  At the age of 20, as a student in Manipal, I had the privilege of saving 6 girls from drowning in theMalpe sea.  This recognition crashed through my self-image problems & boosted my morale.  This I realized changed my life.  Buoyancee was started with the same principle & it now helps its participants to face such situations through activities.  Expose, Explore, Experiment, Experience, Evaluate to Emerge is our formulae for change!  Our participants give rebirth to themselves. The impact is so good that it is helping companies too.  We also conduct training for the teaching staff, to help them connect with their students &to make classes interesting.  Over 10,000 teachers have been trained also, over 2500 engineering college lecturers through the World Bank aided TEQUIP project.  Now I train all over India in 6 languages.

Ø  What is your favourite Quote?  (Buoyancee Quote)
AnsNurture Your Nature to Be Mature, & for a Better Future!

Ø  Tell us about an accomplishment you are most proud of?
Ans:  When I realized that the Bee is attracted only to a Blossomed flower, we worked on blossoming our staff in our team, which simply attracts the needy without sales/ marketing

Ø  Whom do you like to credit your role model as --- Why?
Ans:  My father Sadanand Kaikini who started his life selling agarbatti’s on Grant Road railway station Mumbai, joined a company as a worker, and rose up to be the MD of the same company.  I can tell a lot about his ways & means & life.

Ø  You spent long journey working, any observations about the challenges that are specific to your profession?
Ans:  Training is given the least importance, though it is vital.  During tough times, training is the first on the roll for cost cutting.  When the company is doing well, they are too busy and they have no time for training.  Many Indian companies conduct training, only to meet the ISO requirement.

Ø  Which is your best achievement?
Ans Bringing about a positive change in dejected/ rejected teens/ youth with low self-image/esteem.  Positively changing percentage pass in Govt schools. Being successful in being part of many change initiatives of companies – ITC’s e-chaupal to uplift villages, Bisleri 500 ml launch, Sutures India doubling growth in nearly a year and supporting many more company change initiatives.

Ø  Tell us about a situation causing the feelings of regret in your career? if any?
Ans:  My slogan “Find Facts, not Faults” has helped me keep regret & guilt away.

Ø  What message you want to pass for our upcoming generations?
Ans:  Be Your Best to Better Your Best!  You can’t make jeans with a shirt material.  Texture is the nature of the textile and its property decides what you can make.  Similarly, we have our own nature, depending upon our Talents, Interests & Personality which form our property.  Our Beliefs & our Perspectives can make or break us.  Have Clarity in your Thought, Purity in your Thinking for Surety in your Things that you get – Aspire as per your Property, Perspire with Inspired Activity, Acquire with Dignity!

Ø  What motivates you to get out of bed for a hectic work area every morning?
Ans:  Willingness in the heart & Will-power in the mind, supported by the right blend of people who bond and having a common goal.  With such a team, work is never hectic but magnetic (effortless effort like the flowing river)! 


This is very famous festival in hyderabad though balapur cross roads is a small area around 2000 people participated .It is a very small temple but remembered by all

TODAY'S KALAM Tourist Information on Tirupati

Tourist Information on Tirupati
The temple town of Tirupati is one of the most popular pilgrimage spots of India and is a Mecca for the devout Hindu pilgrims. This charming town is globally renowned for the temple of Lord Venkateshwara that has awe-inspiring architecture and exquisite interior decorations. If you are planning a tour to Tirupati, then advance tourist information on Tirupati will certainly prove to be beneficial. 

For the latest updates on Tirupati, keep browsing through that offers helpful tourist information on Tirupati. 

History of Tirupati
Tirupati was formerly known as Tiruvengadam and flaunts a rich historical background. It dates back to the times when Mauryas and the Guptas used to reign and it was by the 5th century AD that this magnificent town became a recognized center of religious and cultural activities. The leading landmark of this town is the temple of Lord Venkateshwara, which was greatly patronized by the rulers of the ancient dynasties like Cholas, Hoysalas and the Vijayanagar kingdom. 

In order to safeguard the deity of Sriranganatha from the ceaseless invasions, it was brought to Tirupati from Srirangam. Every year, it is visited by numerous pilgrims and they pay offerings and seek the blessings of the deity.
Important Attractions of Tirupati
Though Tirupati is home to a number of tourist attractions, one of the notable ones that must be visited are Sri Venkateshwara Temple. Besides, there are lots of other sites worth paying a visit such as Sri Kapileswaraswami Temple, Sri Kodandaramaswami Temple, Sri Govindrajaswamy Temple and Tiruchanur. 

There are many nearby places of tourist interest in Tirupati that could be explored during the excursions such as Chandragiri, Sri Kalahasthi, Agastyaswamy Temple, Kalyani Dam, Horsley Hills, Nagalapuram, Kailasakona Waterfalls and Narayanavanam. 

Reaching Tirupati
Since Tirupati is an important town of Andhra Pradesh, it is accessible by air, rail and road. Tirupati airport is the major one and offers connections for the major destinations of neighboring states and also to the important metropolitans of India such as Hyderabad, Bengaluru, Chennai, Mumbai, Delhi and Visakhapatnam. The rail network is equally good and the town is linked to the other cities such as Mumbai, Delhi, and Secunderabad by express trains. Reaching Tirupati by road is also very convenient with the presence of efficient and motorable roads that connect the important destinations of India. 

Fairs and Festivals

The Tirupati tourist information is incomplete without a mention of the fairs and festivals celebrated in this religious and cultural hub. Apart from the Vaishnava festivals, the town celebrates the other ones too such as Vaikunta Ekadasi, Rama Navami and Janmashtami with grandeur. However, the most prominent is the Brahmotsavam, which is observed each year during September when hordes of pilgrims congregate here to be a part of this gala event. Rathasapthami and Gangamma Jathra a local festival are the other events that add to the spiritual essence of this town. 

TODAY'S KALAM Tourist Guide In Tirupati

Tourist Guide In Tirupati
Tirupati is a quaint town located at the foothills of the Tirumala hills and is most popular for its famous landmark, Sri Venkateshwara Temple. The temple is located on the seventh hill and is dedicated to Lord Vishnu. This temple holds a lot of historical and mythological significance and was preserved and venerated by the ancient dynasties includes the Hoysalas, Cholas and the Vijayanagar kings. Before making a trip to Tirupati, benefit from the travel information provided by, your online tourist guide in Tirupati. 

Location of Tirupati:
Tirupati is located in the Saptagiri hill range of the Chittoor district in the state of Andhra Pradesh and is thronged by tourists from all over the world. This is an ancient town with a picturesque locale and draws a substantial number of nature lovers also. 

Climatic conditions and when to visit:
The summer season is marked with high temperatures as high as forty degrees Celsius accompanied by humidity. However, the temperature remains moderate or rather pleasant during winter and this time is favorable for the sightseeing trips and excursions. September to February would be the best time to visit Tirupati. 

What to See:
The tourist guide in Tirupati also offers essential information regarding the tourist attractions of Tirupati. This captivating town is strewn with a number of interesting tourist spots, including the pilgrimage spots. Apart from the major landmark of the town, the Shri Venkateshwara Temple, there are lots of other sites worth paying a visit such as Sri Kapileswaraswami Temple, Sri Kodandaramaswami Temple, Sri Govindrajaswamy Temple and Tiruchanur. 

Where to stay:
Tirupati offers a number of good lodging options ideal for a contented stay. You can find a number of luxurious, three star and two star hotels that are dotted all over the town and provide excellent range of facilities coupled with quality services directed towards utmost customer satisfaction. Hotel Kences International, Hotel Kalyan Residency and Hotel Bhimas Deluxe are a few names among the leading ones. 

Don’t miss out:
The fairs and festivals play a key role in enriching the spiritual ambiance of the place and there are several occasions on which the entire town pulsates with grand celebrations. Brahmotsavam is the main temple festival observed at Tirupati-Balaji with full religious fervor. It is held annually in the month of September, the celebrations reach the height of revelry every third year when it is known as Navratri Brahmotsavam. Rathotsavam- the temple car festival is another major attraction of the temple during which the temple chariot and the deity are exquisitely adorned and taken out on the streets of Tirumala. 

With such valuable information furnished by the tourist guide in Tirupati you are definitely going to enjoy your vacations in Tirupati to the fullest extent. 

TODAY'S KALAM Tourist Accommodations in Tirupati

Tourist Accommodations in Tirupati
While in Tirupati, you can visit the world famous Lord Venkateshwara Temple, which has been revered since the rule of Cholas, Hoysalas and Vijayanagar empires. This sacred temple is located on the seventh Tirumala hill and is surrounded by breathtaking scenic beauty. There are many natural attractions and pilgrimage spots that are strewn all around and are visited by a large number of tourists each year. There are many tourist accommodations in Tirupati that are available in various categories to cater to the various needs and requirements of the tourists. 

If you want your stay to be full of comfort and luxury, then you can opt from a number of luxury hotels in Tirupati that are located close to the major landmarks of the town and provide world class services and facilities including air conditioning, non-smoking rooms, tea/coffeemaker, 24 hour room service, business center, conference rooms, multi-cuisine restaurants and safe box. These hotels are also suited to the needs of the corporate clientele and thus remain the most preferred choice of tourists. Hotel Kences International and Temple Valley Resort are two famous hotels belonging to this category. 

Among the tourist accommodations in Tirupati the three star hotels are also very popular. The three star hotels in Tirupati are known for their excellent range of facilities and services and are popular among the budget tourists. These hotels offer the facilities for air-conditioned guestrooms, meeting and banquet facilities, multi-cuisine restaurant, in-house laundry, safe deposit lockers, travel desk and health club. A few notable ones to mention from this category are Hotel Kalyan Recidency, Hotel Mayura and Hotel Guestline. These hotels are ideal for the guests who want to experience a tinge of luxury at the affordable tariffs. 

There are many travelers who cannot afford the luxury and pricey tariffs of the upscale hotels. For them there are many low cost accommodations in Tirupati that provide a comprehensive range of facilities and services at reasonable tariffs. The guestrooms of these hotels are neatly done taking utmost care of hygiene and comfort. Besides, the guestrooms have the necessary facilities and include modern toiletries. The staff at these hotels is quite amiable and offer personalized services extending home-like care and concern to even the minutest requirement of the guests. Hotel Bhimas Paradise, Hotel Bhimas Deluxe and Hotel Bliss are a few acclaimed ones in this category. 

TODAY'S KALAM Tourist Destinations in Tirupati

Tourist Destinations in Tirupati
Tirupati is rightly said to be one of the richest pilgrimage cities of India and your pilgrimage tour in South India will remain incomplete without a visit to this highly sacred town. This town is well-acclaimed for its historical importance and is most popular for the remarkable Sri Venkateshwara Temple. This town is nested at the foothills of Tirumala, while the hallowed shrine of the deity is perched on top of the hill. There are many tourist destinations in Tirupati that certainly need to be explored on your holidays in Tirupati. 

Tirupati Balaji:
It is one of the most important places to visit in Tirupati and is also the most revered one. A large number of devotees visit this temple and seek the blessings of the chief deity of the temple, Lord Vishnu. The calm setting of the temple makes the place look even more attractive. There is a stone Gopuram which is simply unique and appears different with heavenly figures and statues. You will find inside that the pillars, and doorways are intricately carved out with main shrine plated with gold. 

Akasa Ganga:
It is an important place of tourist interest and is located in close proximity to the Sri Venkateshwara Temple. It is actually a holy stream and according to Vedas, it has originated from the feet of Lord Vishnu and is a must visit spot for the pilgrims. 

Swami Pushkarini:
This is a consecrated tank in which a dip is considered to be a holy one before entering the temple. According to a legend, this tank belonged to Lord Vishnu in Vaikunta and was brought to earth by Garuda. This place holds a significant place among the tourist destinations in Tirupati. 
Sri Varahaswami Temple:
Is an incredible temple located on the banks of Swami Pushkarini. Varaha Swami (an incarnation of Lord Vishnu) is the presiding deity of this temple and is in the form of a boar. According to the beliefs, Tirumala was initially the home of Varahaswami and it was with his consent that Lord Sri Venkateshwara stayed here. This temple is one of the prime attractions and before visiting Sri Venkateshwara Temple, a visit to this temple is suggested. 

Don’t forget to pay a visit to Silathoranam on your travel to Tirupati, which is a natural rock formation that appears to be in the form of an arch. The appearance of this rock is identical to the hood of a serpent, a conch and a discus. It is an amazing geological marvel and a very popular tourist attraction. 

Apart from these attractions, Sri Govindarajaswami Temple and Sri Kodandaramaswami Temple are also worthy of a visit. 

TODAY'S KALAM Tourist Sites near Tirupati

Tourist Sites near Tirupati
No pilgrimage tour is complete without a visit to the famous and hallowed town of Tirupati. An important pilgrimage spot for the Hindu pilgrims, this place is well-known for the Venkateshwara Temple. This sacred town is located at the foothills of the Tirumalai Hills in the Chittoor district in Andhra Pradesh. There are many sacred places to visit in Tirupati and after visiting them, you can start exploring the surrounding attractions that are equally worthy of a visit. Some of the famous tourist sites near Tirupati are: 

Agastyaswamy Temple: 
This is a beautiful temple located at a distance of 12 kms at the confluence of three rivers, namely, Swarnamukhi, Bhima and Kalyan. It features three superbly sculptured entrances that enhance the splendor of the hall inside. There is also a shrine for Goddess Parvati located within the temple. You will also find a small shrine devoted to Rama, Sita, Lakshmana and Anjaneya nearby the tank.
This town lies 11 km to the southwest of Tirupati and was once the capital of the Vijayanagar rulers in the 16th century. This town is celebrated for the Chandragiri Fort that has been erected on an elevated rock 180 meters high. It is a wonderful place for viewing several fortifications, palaces and temples. It is a must-visit among the tourist places near Tirupati. 

Horsley Hills:
The nature lovers can make their way to this fascinating little hill station located on the southwest border of Andhra Pradesh at a height of more that twelve hundred meters above sea level. This bewitching hill station is characterized by valleys covered with teak, mango, sandalwood and eucalyptus plantations. 

Kailasakona Waterfalls:
For the nature lovers, there is more in store among the tourist sites near Tirupati. These grandiose waterfalls are located in the Nagary Valley and are truly worthy of a visit. It is said that the water of these waterfalls is rich in minerals and has amazing healing powers. 

It is an important place of tourist interest that is recommended on your excursions from Tirupati. Nagalapuram is most popular for the temple dedicated to 'Lord Vedanarayana' (an incarnation of Lord Vishnu), which was built by Krishnadeva and his mother Nagamba. The outstanding architecture of this temple is famous for the exceptionally intricate details. 


It is a small village located at a distance of about 43 kms from Tirupati and is one of the charming tourist spots near Tirupati. This village is most popular for an ancient temple dedicated to Lord Kalyana Venkateswara. It is at the same time known as the holy venue of the mythical and divine wedding between Lord Venkateswara and Goddess Padmavathi. 


The Golden Temple in Amritsar
On your tour to India you will thoroughly like your visit to the Golden Temple in the city of Amritsar as it offers itself as a religious as well as architectural genius. One of the several tourist attractions in Amritsar, the Golden Temple was constructed by Guru Ram Das in the 14th century. It stands as one of the favorite tourist destinations in India. 

Also known as Sri Harmandir Sahib as well as Darbar Sahib, it is considered to be one of the most sacred sites of Sikh religion. Reflecting both Hindu and Muslim styles of design and architecture, it exhibits a large dome made of gold. Its structural brilliance draws the interest of one and all around the world. Even though, chiefly a sacred pilgrimage for the Sikhs, it is also traveled by travelers from various corners of the world. This temple arranges for Bundara (Lunch/Dinner) all through the year for the tourists. 
Located in the heart of the city of Amritsar, the 40.5 square feet Golden Temple stands on a 67 square feet platform amid a square tank. There is a bridge leading to the Golden Temple. The shrine is representative of the tenets of Sikhism. It also stands for the valor and vigor of the Sikhs. With doorways on all four sides, it symbolizes the tolerance of Sikhism – greeting all four religions with open arms. 

Akal Takhat Sahib in AmritsarThe bridge that connects to the temple is linked with the 13 feet broad ‘Pardakshna’ (circumambulatory path). It actually runs round the main temple and it reaches the ‘Har ki Paure’ (steps of God). On the first storey of ‘Har ki Paure’, you can find a continuous reading of Guru Granth Sahib. The main shrine of Sri Harmandir Sahib is a three-storied one. The facade, which faces the bridge, is adorned with continuous cusped arches and the roof of the first floor reaches a height of 26 feet and 9 inches. 

Atop the first floor a four feet high parapet surrounds on all the borders which has also four ‘Mamtees’ on the four sides and precisely on the pinnacle of the central hall of the main sanctuary mounts the third storey which is a small square room with three gates. On the top of this room is the low fluted ‘Gumbaz’(dome) with lotus petal pattern at the base of an inverted lotus which actually supports the ‘Kalash’ with a strikingly decorative ‘Chhatri’ (umbrella) at the end.

Some of the other tourist attractions in Amritsar, one of the favorite tourist destinations in India, are as follows:

  • Akal Takhat
  • Baba Atal
  • Jallianwala Bagh
  • Wagah Border
  • Rambagh Garden
  • Ram Tirath Temple

  • Tarn Taran 

    About Golden Temple

    The Golden Temple is the ultimate Sikh pilgrimage. The Harmandir Sahib, as it is traditionally known, actually means the temple of Hari or the Supreme God. Also known as the Darbar Sahib, the stupendous, architectural phenomena is located at the city of Amritsar. The temple's exterior is gold-plated and the structure stands in the middle of a square tank. There is a causeway across the Pool of Nectar to reach the Temple. The shrine is symbolical of the doctrines of Sikhism. It also represents the magnificent strength of all the Sikhs. The amazing thing about Harmandir Sahib is that it has doorways on all four sides, meant to be open for the people of the all four castes. All over the, the Sikhs always look forward to visit to the magnificent temple and offer prayers at the Harmandir Sahib.

    Visiting the Darbar Saheb is an enthralling experience. There are some characteristic rituals, which are simple and peace promoting. At the Golden Temple, a day comprises of the following activities:-

    Earlyu Morning at Golden TempleAmrit Vela
    The Harmandir Sahib
    Parkarma - Shrines and Ath Sath Tirath
    The Decorated Palki and Sawari
    Parkash Siri Guru Granth Sahib Ji
    Har ki Pauri
    Rahras & Arti
    Amrit Vela
    Amrit Vela means the pre-dawn moment. It is actually the time when the watch strikes four o'clock in the morning. The pilgrims wake up and start preparing for a serene early morning visit to the Darbar Saheb. After reaching the temple entrance, one must take off their shoes at the 'shoes counter'. The next step is to dip one's feet at a channel of running water. On the way to the temple, there are lined up flower stalls, for one to buy garlands or just fresh flowers for offering.
    Harmandir Sahib
    The sublime shrine is reached by descending a flight of marble stairs. The idea is to teach humility to mankind. The staircase leads to the parkarma, where is situated the inspirational and awesome Harmandir Saheb, in the center of the Sarowar. Naturally, one is inclined to bow down to touch the cool marble with their foreheads. Then of course, one goes left to go around the entire parkarma and stop at shrines on the way, before making it finally to the Harmandir.
    The Parkarma Shrines & Ath Sath Tirath
    It is the very first shrine on the Parikrama way. Known as Dukh Bhanjani Ber, it is actually built around a jujube tree. The relevance of this spot lies in its Parikarmastory which says that, a dip in the sacred pool inexplicably cured a crippled youth. Devotees believe that their visit to the temple remains incomplete without bathing at this spot. So, it has become a custom to stop and bath here for any kind of healing.

    Next is the stop for a raised marble platform, known as the Ath Sath Tirath. It is believed that bathing near it fulfils one's wish of visiting the 68 holy places of India. The next corner has the shrine of Baba Deep Singh, the legendary old warrior who died at this spot. The names of Sikh martyrs who died in the war are inscribed on marble tablets set in the floor of the parkarma or on the pillars of the verandahs. The Akal takht and the Darshani Deorhi are the very next destination for the eager devotees.

    The Decorated Palki and Sawari

    Palki Sahib
    The ceremony of bringing down the Guru Granth Sahibcommences half an hour prior. For the occasion, the palki, a gold and silver palanquin, are prepared for it. Attendants lay down fresh sets of silk and brocade coverings and sprinkle rose water.

    The head priest of the Harmandir appears with the Sri Guru Granth Sahib on a cushion on his head. And to mark the occasion and to alert the worshippers, there starts the drumbeat sound of the Nigara.

    The procession solemnly moves across the plaza, through the Darshani Deorhi, and along the causeway, stopping as it reaches the main door of the Harmandir. The head priest reverently lifts the Siri Guru Granth sahib out of the Palki, places it on a silk cushion on his head, and enters the holy shrine.
    The Head Priest carries it to its Place of Honor, which is a place below the velvet canopy, richly brocaded in silver and gold. He then sets it on velvet cushions and silks placed on a manji sahib. Then the head priest sits in front of the Holy Book and reads it aloud the Vaaq ( the Lord's message ) to the Sangat (congregation) standing. At the end of it, it is time for the entire Sangat and the sewadars to stand up for the Ardas, a prayer. Following which takes place the shabad kirtan, the song of the sacred verses.
    Har ki Pauri and Darshani Deorhi
    The Har ki Pauri is the place to be visited after the Ardas prayer. It is on the southern side of the inner parkarma. There is a marble staircase leading into the sarowar. Visitors stop here to sprinkle water from this sacred pool into their heads. One can drink a little bit of water for its remedial power also.

    Continuing on the inner parkarma, the devotees again bow towards the Guru Granth Sahib. Then they make way back over the causeway, through the Darshani Deorhi and onto the main parkarma. At this stage, one would see the Ber Baba Buddha or the Tree Shrine. Baba Buddha was the first head priest of the Harmandir Sahib.
    Rahras & Arti

    The evening is a time for the devotees to come and listen in deep thoughtfulness to the evening recitations. It is time for the Rahras, the Arti and the shabad kirtan. At end of the prayers, the Sri Guru Granth Saheb is reverentially and royally carried to the palki waiting outside. The palki is carried by dedicated Sikhs. The grand Darshani Deorhi is shut down for the visitors after this.


    About Amritsar
    Fast facts:

    Population7, 08, 835
    Area114.95 sq. km
    Altitude234 m
    Languages:Punjabi, Hindi and English
    Best Time to VisitOctober-March
    STD Code0183

    Having derived its name from the Amrit Sarovar that surrounds the famous Golden Temple, the city of Amritsar is located in the northwestern side of India in Punjab. Some of the prominent attractions of this one of the loveliest tourist destinations in India are the several architecturally brilliant Gurudwaras and temples. Your quest to know about Amritsar on your tour to India you will give you a city of distinct character in areas of culture and customs. 

    There are divided opinions about the real history of Amritsar. Some say it was gifted by Akbar to Guru Amar Das; some believe that it was actually acquired by Guru Ram Das and still others are of the opinion that it was bought by the Guru. However, the popular belief about Amritsar remains that it was laid in 1574. In the pre independence era Amritsar was one of the main educational centers of the country. Till date the Hindu College, Khalsa College, DAV College and many other institutes in the city of Amritsar are some of the leading institutions in India. 

    Best Season, Climate, and Clothing:
    In Amritsar, one of the choicest tourist destinations in India, you will find an extreme climate with scorching summers and chilly winters. Monsoons generally hit the city of Amritsar around early July. However the best time to travel to Amritsar is between October and March. 

    Tourist attractions in Amritsar: 

    Golden Temple: 
    Also known as Sri Harmandir Sahib, the Golden Temple was built by Guru Ram Das during 14th century, is acclaimed as one of the most revered sites of Sikh religion. Displaying both Hindu and Muslim styles of architecture, it exhibits a huge golden dome. Its architectural brilliance draws the interest of all and sundry around the globe. Although principally a pilgrimage spot for the Sikhs, it is one of the greatest tourist attractions in Amritsar. 

    Jallianwala Bagh:
    One name that strikes your mind about Amritsar is the Jallianwala Bagh. Sited near the Golden Temple, it bears witness to the tragedy called Jallianwala Bagh Massacre during the British Raj. General Dyer set a congregation on fire at the venue where several Punjabis gathered for Baisakhi (New Year) celebrations on 13 April 1919. 

    Wagah Border:
    About 28 kms from About Amritsar, the Wagah Border is an army outpost on India and Pakistan border between the cities of About Amritsar and Lahore. 

    Tarn Taran:
    At approximately 25 kms to the south of Amritsar stands the Tarn Taran – a lake which bears holy as well as medical associations attached to it. Constructed by Ranjit Singh, it has fairs that are celebrated on every ‘Amavas’ night. 


    Architecture of Golden Temple
    Your visit to the Golden Temple in the city of Amritsar on your tour to India will thoroughly mesmerize you as it presents itself as a spiritual as well as architectural specimen. The Golden Temple Architecture still remains a major area of exploration among several tourists around the world. 

    Hand Painting inside Golden TempleBuilt by Guru Ram Das in the 14th century, the Golden Temple stands as one of the favorite tourist attractions in Amritsar. Also referred to as Sri Harmandir Sahib and Darbar Sahib, it is acclaimed as one of the most revered sites of the Sikhs. Displaying both Hindu and Muslim styles of design, the Golden Temple architecture prominently exhibits a large dome of gold.
    Positioned in the center of the city of Amritsar, the 40.5 square feet Golden Temple is sited on a 67 square feet platform amidst a square tank. The bridge leading to the temple is connected with the 13 feet broad ‘Pardakshna’ or circumambulatory path. It actually winds around the main temple and ultimately reaches the ‘Har ki Paure’ (steps of God). On the first storey of ‘Har ki Paure’, there is a continuous reading session of Guru Granth Sahib. The main shrine of Sri Harmandir Sahib is a three-storied one. The frontage, which faces the bridge, is decked with continuous cusped vaults and the top of the first floor reaches an elevation of 26 feet and 9 inches. 

    Architecture of Golden tTempleOn the first floor a four feet lofty parapet encloses the borders which has also four ‘Mamtees’ on the four sides and ultimately on the top of the innermost hall of the main sanctuary rises the third storey which is a little square room offering three gates. On the top of this room you will find the low fluted ‘Gumbaz’ (dome) with lotus petal design at the foot of an upturned lotus which provides support to the ‘Kalash’ with a ostentatious ‘Chhatri’ (umbrella) at the end
    The Golden Temple shrine speaks of the various tenets of Sikhism. It also stands for the spirit of the Sikhs. The doorways on all four sides symbolize its welcoming attitude towards all four religions. 

    This structural masterpiece draws the interest of all and sundry around the world. Even though, chiefly a sacred pilgrimage for the Sikhs, it is also traversed by travelers from various corners of the world. This temple arranges for Bundara (Lunch/Dinner) all through the year for the tourists. 


    History of Golden Temple
    The Golden Temple stands as one of the most visited tourist attractions in the city of Amritsar. On your tour to India you will thoroughly like your visit to the city of Amritsar as it offers itself as a religious as well as a major tourist site. One of the several tourist attractions in Amritsar, the Golden Temple is visited by several travelers from various parts of the world. The Golden Temple history is one of the several areas that the tourists would love to explore. 

    Believed to have been built in 1588 by Guru Arjan Dev with a view to create a central site of worship for the Sikhs, the Golden Temple or Harmandir as it is called, symbolizes the philosophy of the religion through every detail of its architecture. The location of the temple amid a pool, which was conceptualized by Guru Amar Dev, denotes the synthesis of nirgun and sargun - the spiritual and temporal realms of human existence.Although Guru Arjan Dev was instrumental in laying the foundation of the Gurudwara, the Golden Temple history says that its construction has been the result of several years’ evolution
    Even before the main shrine of the Gurudwara was laid, the pool had already been bordered with bricks under the supervision of Baba Budha ji. Guru Arjan Dev, with the principle intention of propagating the ethos of Sikhism, built the structure in sheer burnt brick and lime. Much later, during Maharajah Ranjit Singh’s reign (1799-1839), the temple was renovated and made into an architectural masterpiece, displaying a major sense of affluence along with, of course, the deep spirituality of the Sikh religion. 

    The history of Golden Temple says that the land for the site was acquired free of charge from the zamindars (landlords) of local villages. Exhibiting influences of both Hindu and Muslim styles of design, the Golden Temple architecture significantly flaunts a large dome of gold. 

    Golden TemplePositioned in the center of the city of Amritsar, the 40.5 square feet Golden Temple balances itself on a 67 square feet platform. The bridge escorting you to the temple is linked with the 13 feet broad ‘Pardakshna’ or circumambulatory path. Winding around the main temple it reaches the ‘Har ki Paure’ (steps of God). On the first floor of ‘Har ki Paure’, there is a continuous reading session of Guru Granth Sahib. Guru Arjan Dev planned and executed the compilation of the Sikh scriptures: a collection of the teachings, thoughts, hymns, and verses of the first five gurus of the Sikhs, and scholars and saints of Hindu and Muslim like Kabir, Namdev, Ravidas, and Sheikh Farid. 

    Your visit to one of the greatest tourist attractions in Amritsar as well as in India will leave you with amazing sense of peace and tranquility, along with a feeling of self realization and spiritual emancipation. 


    Other Important Gurudwaras
    The birthplace of a number of religions, India is home to people from various cultures and communities. Sikhism has been a religion followed by several people and the important Gurudwaras scattered all over the country are some of the major tourist attractions in Amritsar and around for pilgrims as well as travelers. Some of the important Gurudwaras have been discussed below: 

    Golden Temple:

    The Golden Temple, till date, remains the most popular and architecturally famous place of worship for the Sikhs. The temple was most probably built in 1588 by Guru Arjan Dev with an intention to set up a central site of worship for the Sikhs. Set amid the pool, the Golden Temple stands for the philosophy of Sikhism. 

    Anandpur Sahib:

    Anandpur Sahib GurudwaraAnother of the important Gurudwaras is Anandpur Sahib, where Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru baptized people to make pure souls out of them. Anandpur Sahib located in the Ropar District is one of the five Sikh thrones. The occasion of Holla Mohalla sees the advent of several Sikhs from all over India. It actually coincides with the last day of Holi marking the end of the festival.

    Damdama Sahib:

    Located in the Bhatinda district, Damdama Sahib or Talwandi Sabo is attached with great significance for Sikhs. This is where Guru Gobind Singhji sought refuge during his battles against the Mughals. It was here that he worked on the Adi Granth. The Baisakhi festival (from 13th to 15th of April) is hugely celebrated at Damdama Sahib and Sikh pilgrims from various parts of the world gather here to pay homage to Guru Gobind Singhji. This has been a ritual for about 250 years and ultimately coincides with the Rabi, harvesting festival. 

    Gurudwara Patna Sahib (Har Mandir):

    Gurudwara Patna Sahib or the Har Mandir, the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singhji in Patna, Bihar is one of the important Gurudwaras in India and one of the most visited tourist attractions in India as well. 
    Takht Sri Hazur Sahib:

    Along the banks of Godavari in Nanded, Maharashtra, is situated the Takhat Sachkhand Sri Hazur Abchalnagar Sahib where Guru Gobind Singh died. The inner chamber of the temple is called Angitha Sahib. It marks the site where the Guru set his camp holding his court and congregation in 1708 AD. 

    Fatehgarh Sahib:

    Another of the important Gurudwaras for Sikh pilgrims is at Sirhind - Fatehgarh Sahib Gurudwara. The shrine stands on the site where the two sons of Guru Gobind Singhji were buried alive by the Mughals. It stands as a commemoration site for the martyrdom and to pay holy offerings to them and to their Guru. The annual Jor Mela in December draws several people. 

    Gurudwara Hemkund Sahib: 

    Situated in Uttaranchal’s Garhwal area the Gurudwara Hemkund Sahib alludes to a legend that Guru Gobind Singhji, before his birth, was meditating here and thereafter, was born on earth as a savior. 

    Pilgrimage Centers in Delhi: 

    In Delhi, the Gurudwara Sisganj, the Bangla Sahib Gurudwara, and the Rakabganj Gurudwara are some of the other important Gurudwaras. The Gurudwara Sisganj marks the site of beheading of Guru Teg Bahadur. 


    Hotels Around Golden Temple
    Ritz Plaza - A Three Star Hotel in Amritsar
    Believed to have been constructed in 1588 by Guru Arjan Dev with an intention to create a central site of worship for the Sikhs, the Golden Temple - one of the finest tourist attractions in Amritsar stands for the philosophy of the religion. On your tour to India you will completely enjoy your visit to the city of Amritsar as it offers itself as a religious as well as a major tourist site. One of the favorite tourist attractions in Amritsar, the Golden Temple is visited by numerous travelers from various corners of the world and accordingly, there is an availability of several top quality Golden Temple hotels that are situated around the main site.

    Given the fact that the Golden Temple receives a huge influx of tourists from various countries, the hotels around Golden Temple will make for a comfortable stay for them in Amritsar. The Golden Temple hotels are available in various categories, classified in terms of different facilities and prices ranges, thereby catering to the wants and needs of every traveler. 

    Select from a range of options of Golden Temple hotels - five stars to budget hotels; from luxury to economy hotels. Generally located at comfortably reachable distance from the main transport centers, like the airport, railhead, and bus stand, the hotels around Golden Temple provide easy access to the main commercial area of Amritsar, and the important tourist attractions in Amritsar. 

    All Golden Temple hotels, irrespective of their category, provide well designed rooms, clean, well maintained and elegantly decorated. However, the star category hotels obviously cater more amenities and better decoration than the budget hotels. The rooms at all hotels around Golden Temple ensure of amenities like safety box, attached baths, and telephones. Room service can be accessed mostly round the clock at most of these Golden Temple hotels. 

    Every other tourist on his/her tour to India is on the lookout for typical Indian cuisine. You can taste the scrumptious authentic Punjabi cuisine with a combination of parathas, and spicy pickles, rabri, sharbat, & lassi at the well maintained restaurants of the Golden Temple hotels. The hotel staff extend proficient and hospitable services, reminiscent of the North Indian culture.

    The Golden Temple hotels offer services for a business tourist as well on his/her tour to India. You can more or less be sure of availing of the following facilities here:

  • Internet
  • Well configured conference room (in some)

  • Fax

    You can travel around the Golden Temple as sightseeing trips with the help of the tour desk at the hotels around Golden Temple. Visit the tourist sites like Wagah Border, Tarn Taran, and Jallianwala Bagh on your tour to India. 

    Tour Packages for Golden Temple
    Golden Temple, Tour Packages for Golden Temple Gurudwara, Tour Packages for Golden Temple
    Symbolizing the philosophy of the Sikh religion in every detail of its architecture, the Golden Temple is believed to have been built in 1588 by Guru Arjan Dev with a view to create a central site of worship for the Sikhs. Also known as Harmandir, it is located in the middle of a pool, speaking of the synthesis of nirgun and sargun - the spiritual and worldly realms of humanity. In this context, the tour packages for this site of religious significance are extremely helpful. These Golden Temple tour packages offer first rate tour itineraries catering to different budgets schemes, and desires of the various visitors. 

    The tour packages for Golden Temple vary as per the span and type of the trip and the kind of accommodation demanded during the holiday trip to the Golden Temple in Amritsar. The tour packages for Golden Temple generally include trips through Amritsar, New Delhi, Jammu, Srinagar, Dharamshala, Gulmarg, Sonamarg and Pahalgam. 

    There are other tour packages that take you through Delhi, Chandigarh, Parivar Vichhora, Anandpur Sahib, Chandigarh, and Amritsar while you are on your tour to the Golden Temple. Even simple tour packages including trips through Delhi and Amritsar can be exciting as you get the opportunity of exploring the important tourist sites without much distracting towards any other city of the region.

    While you are on your trip to the Golden Temple you can expect to visit several other tourist sites in Amritsar if you are availing of any of the Golden Temple tour packages. They also include exciting outings to the array of tourist attractions in Amritsar. Leaf through the list below to know more about the different sites of interest in Amritsar:

  • Golden Temple
  • Wagah Border
  • Jallianwala Bagh
  • Durgiana Mandir
  • Baba Atal Rai Tower

  • Tarn Taran

    The tour packages for Golden Temple ensure fine accommodation options, as per your suitability. Overall, these Golden Temple tour packages excuse you of the troubles of transport booking, hotel booking, and sightseeing, thereby assuring of a smooth travel. 

    Hemkund Sahib
    Situated in the Himalayas at an elevation of over 15,000 ft in the state of Uttarakhand, Hemkund Sahib is a much traveled pilgrimage site for the Sikhs. It is located in the highest altitude of the Hemkund Lake (4329 m above sea level) and is surrounded by snow clad peaks and their glaciers. 

    Visited both by Hindus and Sikhs and other communities as well, the very sacred Sikh shrine of Hemkund Sahib is the place where Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth and last Guru of the Sikhs, attained salvation after a prolonged process of meditation in his previous birth. The Guru’s memoirs which contain a comprehensive description of the site helped two devout Sikhs, Sant Sohan Singh and Havaldar Mohan Singh to revive it. According to Hindu mythology, Hemkund or Lokpal as it is also referred to as, is actually where Lakshman had performed meditation. 
    Reached by a 15 km trek from Govindghat (about 275 km from Rishikesh), which is the entranceway to the Bhyundar or Lakshman Ganga Valley, Hemkund Sahib offers a whole range of trekking options. Govindghat is located on the bus route to Badrinath. The trek from here to Hemkund interestingly takes one through deep forests of pine and rhododendron where one gets to woo the wild roses, ferns, and alpine flowers. The surging waters of the Lakshman Ganga are equally placating. The last 5 km of the trek involves a steep climb from Ghangharia, which is a base for visiting Hemkund. The placid waters of the Hemkund Lake which is 2km in circumference reflect images of Saptashringa Peaks (5,500 meters) which surround it. Sleets floating on the waters during the months between July and October offer the best scenarios in Hemkund – one of the finest tourist destinations in India. 

    Approximately 3 km from Gobinddham is located the 5 km long Valley of Flowers which makes for a wonderful visit while you are touring Hemkund Sahib. The beauty of fresh blooms will enchant you to the core and are some of the major tourist attractions in Hemkund Sahib. 

    How to reach Hemkund Sahib: 

    By Air: Nearest airport from Hemkund Sahib is Jolly Grant Airport, Dehradun, 307 kms. 
    By Rail: Nearest railway station is Rishikesh, 293 kms. 

    By Road: Hemkund Sahib is located 5 Kms. from Ghangharia, which is reachable on foot from Govindghat which is well linked by excellent roadways and road transport with Rishikesh, Dehradun, Kotdwara, Nainital, Haridwar, Ranikhet and other major hill stations of Garhwal and Kumaon Hills. 

    A wonderful option for nature lovers and religious people alike, Hemkund Sahib draws a large number of tourists from various parts of the country. 


    About Hemkund Sahib
    Hemkund Sahib
    The Hemkund Sahib is situated near the Valley of flowers, at an altitude of 4,329 m above sea level. The holy lake Hemkund is associated with the 10th Sikh guru, Guru Gobind Singh, the founder of the Khalsa (meaning 'the pure') Panth. It is believed that the guru had meditated on the banks of this holy lake in one of his earlier births. A Gurdwara is located on the banks of this lake. This is a very holy pilgrim spot of the Sikhs. 

    Hemkund is located in India's northern state of Uttaranchal in the Garhwal region. As the name suggests, Hemkund is a lake in the Himalayas. There are many lakes in the Himalayas, but few are set in as dramatic a setting as Hemkund is. At an altitude of 4,329 m above sea level, which is several hundred meters above the tree line, the lake is set like a jewel in a crown of seven of the most picturesque snow peaks of the Himalayas.In this surrealistic landscape,made up mostly of rock and ice, there is no habitation-animal or human. The place is as if made to order for a man in search of absolute peace to meditate upon the absolute truth. 

    There would not be another living thing in sight. The only sound one can hear would probably be one's own sound. Visiting this place could be regarded as the encounter with the personification of absolute peace and raw natural beauty. It does not take much imagination to understand how the place came to be regarded as a spiritual power place.

    Hemkund is mainly a pilgrimage site, and people come here to pay reverence at the Gurdwara and the Lakshman Temple. Besides, one can enjoy the serene and exotic beauty of the place. The Valley of Flowers is also located near Hemkund. Those interested in adventure sports can visit Auli during winters and enjoy skiing in the Himalayas.A view
    Fast Facts
    Area:2 sq km
    Altitude:4,329 metres above sea level
    Languages:Hindi, Kumaoni, Garhwali, English
    It is this very place where Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth and last Guru of the Sikhs, became one with God after prolonged meditation in his previous birth. He mentioned it in his writings in glowing terms, but only vaguely alluded to its exact location. And so, it was not until 1930, when two devout Sikhs, Sant Sohan Singh and Havaldar Mohan Singh, chanced upon it during a cartography mission, that the place came to be venerated for having hosted the great spiritual leader. The place is now regarded as an important pilgrim place of the Sikhs. Hemkund is also a holy place for the Hindus. According to Hindu mythology, Hemkund (or Lokpal as it is also known) is where Lakshman had done his penance.
    Best Season, Climate and Clothing
    Being situated at such a high altitude, the climate of Hemkund is cold and inconsistent. The best time to visit this place is from July to September, as it is the only time of the year when the flowers are in bloom and the weather is not so cold. But before venturing on the journey, one should take care to carry woollens and raincoats. Good, strong trekking shoes are also a necessity.


    Tourist Attractions
    Hemkund Lake

    Hemkund Sahib, or Lake of Ice, is a revered Sikh gurdwara. For eight months of the year, the lake is frozen. It melts in the monsoons and meadows of wildflowers colour its banks. Encircled by seven snow-clad peaks and glaciers, it reflects its surroundings enchantingly on its crystal-clear waters. Sikhs apart, it is an important pilgrimage site for people of other faiths.

    Devotees in thousands climb the steep stone path to the lake and bathe in its freezing waters. It is believed that Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru of the Sikh faith meditated on the bank of this lake. Many pilgrims are overcome with altitude sickness but most, before the chill of the air at an altitude of 4,329 m becomes too much, bathe in the lake. There is a separate enclosure for women. Most enter the frigid water slowly, utter a prayer, and then take a few dips before scampering back to the shore. Local photographers are available here, for those without cameras. You can collect the holy water in a bottle and place it inside the gurdwara, just beside the Guru Granth Sahib.
    GobindghatThe pilgrimage generally begins at Gobindghat, situated between Joshimath and Badrinath. From the bridge across the Alakananda (at Gobindghat), it is 14 km to the next settlement, Ghangharia, or Gobind Dham as the Sikhs call it. The trek runs all along the Bhyundyar Ganga, ascending and descending at regular intervals. One passes through a varied forest of many types of trees and several meadows covered with dandelions. The forest floor is thick with ferns and huge rocks covered with many types of moss. The walk, though difficult, is nevertheless refreshing; one is awestruck with rapturous exclamations over the pristine beauty of the mountains and springtime flowers. 
    From Ghangharia, Hemkund is only 5 km away. However, the journey is quite arduous because of a steep gradient. The trek from here to Hemkund is through forests of pine and rhododendron where wild roses, ferns, and alpine flowers bloom. The surging waters of the Lakshman Ganga are also visible.
    Gurudwara Hemkund Saheb

    The Gurdwara Hemkund Saheb is situated besides the lake, amidst a magnificent panorama. The Gurdwara is devoid of any ostentatious embellishments, befitting the austere surroundings.
    Hemkund Lake
    Lakshman Temple

    The Hemkund Lake (also called the Lokpal Lake) is about 2 km in circumference. Its clear water reflects the Saptashringa Peaks (5,500 m) that surround it.
    Lakshman Temple

    On the banks of the Hemkund lake stands the little-known Lakshman Temple (also known as Lokpal Temple). It is said that Lakshman had meditated at this place. The mythical Sanjeevani Buti (an ambrosia yielding plant) that cured Lakshman after he was wounded during a fight with Meghnad is said to have been found in the vicinity.
    Valley Of Flowers
    Along the way from Gobind Dham to Hemkund Sahib is a path, which turns towards the Valley Of Flowers flanked on either side by majestic snowcapped peaks. The valley is carpeted with more than 300 species of wild flowers like the Himalayan Blue Poppy, Snake Lilly, white and yellow Anemones, Daisies, Calendula and Dianthus. A wide variety of butterflies, snow leopard, brown and black Himalayan bear, tahr, musk deer, bharals and serow are the other attractions of the national park.

    Valley Of FlowersWithin the main valley are smaller valleys carved out by streams of melting glaciers. On the banks of these valleys, you can encounter exciting pattern of flowers. One such valley exists along the Donagair Garh, the last of many streams. On its banks are some of the most magnificent plants.

    Another valley Nag Tal is literally the place of the venomous serpent - the Nag. It is believed to be infested with poisonous flowers. These flowers cause harm when plucked, crushed or smelt. The valley was introduced to the world by Frank S. Smith - mountaineer, explorer and botanist who camped here in 1937. He authored a book called The Valley of Flowers, which unveiled the beauty and floral splendours of the valley to the world. In 1939, Margarate Legge, a botanist arrived at the valley for further studies. She slipped off and was lost in the garden. Her sister later erected a memorial on the spot where she was buried by the locals. The memorial is still there.
    In February-March every year, a winter sports festival is held when exhilaration and speed scale the peaks of frenzy. Besides, the temples observe and follow the Hindu festivals and celebrate it in the presence of a large number of devotees.