This district was formed in the year 1905. Nizamabad District is bounded by Karimnagar district, Medak district, Nandhedu district in Maharastra state and Adilabad district in the East, South, West and North directions respectively. Godavari, Manjeera, Phalungi, Yedlakattavagu are main rivers. Nizamabad, Kamareddy, Bodhan, Armur are main towns. Nizam Sagar Dam, Ali Sagar Reservoir, Pochampadu Project, Bodhan, Pocharam Sanctuary and Nizamabad fort are the main places of interest and Sri Neelakanteswara temple, Sarangapuram Hanuman temple at Nizamabad and Kentu Masjid are the main places of religious importance. Forest area occupies 21% of the district area. Quality Timber is extracted from these forests, Tamarind and Honey are the other products obtained from these woods. Bodhan Sugar Factory , the biggest sugar factory in Andhra Pradesh is a major industrial establishment of the district. Confectioneries and Alcohol units are also found in some parts of the district. The project built on river Manjeera at Achampeta, Pocharam, and Poochampadu, Ramadugu Projects are the major irrigation sources. All Degree colleges are affiliated to the Osmania University - Hyderabad. Nizamabad is well connected by road with Karimnagar, Adilabad, Warangal, Nanded (Maharashtra) and Hyderabad city. 163 kms. Nizamabad railway station is on the Kachiguda - Manmad line of the south central railway. Hydrabad airport is the nearest airport.