This district was formed In the year 1970. Some Taluks in this district were added from Guntur, Nellore and Kurnool districts. The Boundaries of Prakasam district are Bay of Bengal in the East, Cuddapah and Nellore districts in the South, Kurnool district in the West and Guntur district in the North directions. Gundlakamma and Paleru are main rivers. Ongole, Markapuram, Chirala, Giddalur, Addanki and Singarayakonda are main towns. ILTD Company and Cashew nut Industry at Vetapalem are prime industries. Nagarjunasagar - Srisailam sanctuary, Mothupalle, Vodarevu, Chadavaram, Gundla Brahmeswaram Sanctuary and ILTD Company are the main places of interest and Singarayakonda Laxmi Narasimha Swamy temple, Markapur Laxmi Chennakesava Swamy temple, Ongole Chennakesava temple, Kasi Visweswara temple, Bhairavakonda, Manikeswaram, Malakonda temples, temples at Tripurantakam and Sri Hanuman Devasthanam at Addanki are the places of religious importance. Forests occupy 25% of the total district area. Under Social forestry scheme Eucalyptus plantations are carried over in the coastal belts. World Bank Aid promotes orchids and Cashew nut farming in some parts of the district. The Stone used in the manufacturing of Slates, Gypsum and small amounts of Copper are the minerals obtained from these lands. APIDC -Andhra Pradesh Industrial Development Corporation is promoting the young Industrialists from Computer Software, biotechnology and the Non conventional Energy Sources projects. ITC at Cheerala is another major Player in employment generation source in the district. Handlooms of Cheerala that are very much acknowledged by the people of AP. Nagarjuna Sagar's Right canal provide the irrigation to the farming lands of these areas. All Degree Colleges are affiliated to Sri Venkateswara University - Tirupathi. Ongole is an important rail head on Chennai - Waltair line. It is well connected by rail and road. It is 138 km from Vijayawada.