Thursday, 22 March 2018

Ram Manohar Lohia's Birth Day

Ram Manohar Lohia, a socialist political leader as well as a noted freedom fighter of India was born in the village of Akbarpur, Uttar Pradesh on 23rd March, 1910. 
He was born to Hira Lal, a patriot and a teacher and Chanda. He did his intermediate from Benaras Hindu University. He did his BA from Calcutta University in 1929. Lohia then flew to Germany whereby he joined Berlin University and learnt German. 

His first contribution as a nationalist leader was organizing a 'hartal' on Bal Gangadhar Tilak's death. In 1928, he joined protests against the Simon Commission. 

Achievements and notable incidents:
§  In Europe he organized 'Association of European Indians' .
§  Joined Indian National Congress and established Congress Socialist Party,1934.
§  He was elected the Secretary of All India Congress Committee (1936).
§  He was arrested on 7th June, 1940 and sentenced to two years imprisonment for writing an article 'Satyagraha Now' in Gandhiji's newspaper Harijan.
§  He published and circulated posters and pamphlets on 'Do or Die' during the 'Quit India Movement', 1942. He alongwith Aruna Asaf Ali edited a Congress Party monthly newspaper called 'Inquilab'.
manohar was highly influenced by Mahatma Gandhi Ideas which instigated the feeling of Swaraj (freedom) into him. 'Salt Satyagraha' was his subject in the PhD thesis paper. Though he had a good affinity with Jawaharlal Nehru but dissented with him on many political issues. 
Post-independence period:
§  Lohia took the leadership of building a dam on river Paniyari called 'Lohia Sagar Dam'.
§  Founded 'Hind Kisan Panchayat' to provide solution to the farmers.
§  Set up World Development Council and World Government to retain peace.

This great leader died on 12th October, 1967. The Dr.Ram Manohar Lohia College of Law, 
Bangalore is named after him. 

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