Nipah virus infection is a typical infection caused due to Nipah Virus. This virus was first identified in Malaysia and Singapore in 1998, at that time this virus was caused in pigs and then transferred to people. There is no exact vaccine for this virus. Recently this virus was found in Kerala and this virus gulped eight lives. This causes severe disease in both human and animals. Nipah virus is a RNA virus in the genus henipavirus. This virus basically circulates in the specific type of fruit bats.
The symptoms start to appear within 3–14 days after exposure.
· Muscle pain
· Head aches
· Sore throat
· Mental confusion and disorientation
· Brain swelling
These symptoms can progress into coma as fast as in 24–48 hours.
As of now there is no vaccine available purely for Niv. So it would be better to know the prevention for this virus. Bats are known to drink toddy that is collected in open containers, and occasionally urinate in it, which makes it contaminated with the virus. Surveillance and awareness are important for preventing future outbreaks. Prevention include the following:
þ Refrain having fruits that are seem to be bitten by some birds or bats as fruit bats are the main reason for this virus.
þ Ensure you wash fruits well before eating or cooking.
þ Avoid drinking unpasteurised fruit juices.
þ Beware of domestic animals make sure they do not consume fruits contaminated by bats.
þ Avoiding direct contact from infected pigs, bats and human.
þ Wear gloves and other protective clothing while treating or meeting NiV-infected people.
þ People should be cautious while sharing a washroom with an infected person as the urine of a NiV person can have traces of the virus.
þ Avoid climbing trees which you suspect have bat secretions - such as saliva or droppings.
þ Also, regular hand washing should be carried out after visiting or caring for people infected with NiV disease.